Wednesday, February 09, 2011

Letter H.E. Sam Sotha Secretary of State of the Council of Ministers, and Vice Chairperson of the Communication and Quick Reaction Unit to Ms. Ann Koch Head of News BBC World Service Bush House, Strand London WC 2B 4PH – UNITED KINGDOM

The international community must intervene to help Cambodiasafe- guard Preah Vihear Temple in the wake of Thai attacks

Editorial by Ek Madra
Now, more than ever, the international community must stand up, take heed of the perils facing Cambodia’s Preah Vihear temple at the hands of the Thai army. The international committee has a moral and legal obligation to undertake this intervention as it had jointly decided to inscribe the 900-year old monument as a World Heritage site. The Cambodia’s Temple was listed as World Heritage Site in July 07th 2008 during the World Heritage Council meeting at Quebec, Canada.
Thai forces had staged repeated attacks in and around the vicinity of the world heritage, inflicting irreparable damage to the temple and its surroundings aimed at justifying Bangkok’sinvasion lies in the secret and unilateral map drawn up byThailand, which is unrecognized by the international community.
Despite numerous ceasefire agreements and dialogue, Cambodia’s Preah Vihear temple continues to be the focal target for Thai forces and recalcitrant politicians to divert attention of their people away from their domestic political issues.
Thai armed forces attempts to invade Cambodia and forcibly evict her citizens from its own territory. This is tantamount to a scorched earth policy as Thai army firing has been indiscriminate and deliberate, probably aimed at discouraging the committee from discussing further the development of the Preah Vihear temple and its vicinity in line with the inscription of the said temple to the UNESCO World Heritage list.
Evidently, Thai soldiers had again, on Friday and Saturday last week, launched artillery bombardment deep into Cambodia’s territory at three locations, all of which are within the vicinity of the Temple. Stern preventive measures must be taken now without delay to ensure that Thai troops respect the international cultural heritage status bestowed on the Preah Vihear temple.
The protection and safe guarding of the temple benefits not only Cambodia but also its feuding neighbor Thailand. That is to say Thailand also stands to benefit from a peaceful and safe Preah Vihear temple in all aspects – development of tourism and economic activities as well as people to people exchange.  Thus, it is very important that the international community moves immediately to assist Cambodia to ensure the full and complete preservation of the temple, one which is free from damages caused by armed conflict.
I am deeply shocked again after hearing that the latest Thai attacks had caused many serious damages to the Temple of Preah Vihear as stated by Cambodia’s ministry of foreign affairs.
Based on the Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, done at the Hague, 14 May 1954, stated that
Article 4. Respect for cultural property
1. The High Contracting Parties undertake to respect cultural property situated within their own territory as well as within the territory of other High Contracting Parties by refraining from any use of the property and its immediate surroundings or of the appliances in use for its protection for purposes which are likely to expose it to destruction or damage in the event of armed convict; and by refraining from any act of hostility directed against such property.
Article 22. Conciliation procedure
1. The Protecting Powers shall lend their good offices in all cases where they may deem it useful in the interests of cultural property, particularly if there is disagreement between the Parties to the conflict as to the application or interpretation of the provisions of the present Convention or the Regulations for its execution.
2. For this purpose, each of the Protecting Powers may, either at the invitation of one Party, of the Director-General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, or on its own initiative, propose to the Parties to the conflict a meeting of their representatives, and in particular of the authorities responsible for the protection of cultural property, if considered appropriate on suitably chosen neutral territory. The Parties to the conflict shall be bound to give effect to the proposals for meeting made to them. The Protecting Powers shall propose for approval by the Parties to the conflict a person belonging to a neutral Power or a person presented by the Director-General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, which person shall be invited to take part in such a meeting in the capacity of Chairman.
Article 23. Assistance of Unesco
1. The High Contracting Parties may call upon the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization for technical assistance in organizing the protection of their cultural property, or in connexion with any other problem arising out of the application of the present Convention or the Regulations for its execution. The Organization shall accord such assistance within the limits fixed by its programme and by its resources.
2. The Organization is authorized to make, on its own initiative, proposals on this matter to the High Contracting Parties.
I, therefore, called on the international community to pay close attention to the current armed clashes provoked by Thais to ensure that the Temple will never ever be damaged again by Thai gunfire.  Thus the UNESCO and World Heritage Committee should call on all concerned parties to set up an ADHOC committee to work with Cambodia and Thailand to make sure that the Temple will no longer be part of the battle ground between the two Asian nations.

UNESCO to send mission to Preah Vihear

Tuesday, February 8, 2011
The Director-General of UNESCO, Irina Bokova, today reiterated her call for calm and restraint around the Temple of Preah Vihear, inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2008. A border dispute between Cambodia and Thailand caused several deaths and damage to the site in recent days.

"I intend to send a mission to the area as soon as possible to assess the state of the temple," she said. "World Heritage sites are the heritage of all humanity and the international community has a special responsibility to safeguard them. This requires a collective effort that must be undertaken in a spirit of consultation and dialogue. Heritage should unite people and serve as an instrument of dialogue and mutual understanding and not of conflict."

The Temple of Preah Vihear, dedicated to Shiva, is composed of a series of sanctuaries linked by a system of pavements and staircases over an 800-metre-long axis; it dates back to the first half of the 11th century AD. The site is exceptional for the quality of its carved stone ornamentation and its architecture, adapted to the natural environment and the religious function of the temple.


          អគ្គនាយកនៃយូណេស្កូ Irina Bokova នៅថ្ងៃនេះបានបញ្ជាក់ឡើងវិញពីការ អំពាវនាវរបស់លោកស្រីឲ្យមានការស្ងប់ស្ងៀម និងអត់ធ្មត់នៅជុំវិញប្រាសាទព្រះវិហារ ដែលត្រូវបានចុះឈ្មោះក្នុងបញ្ជីបេតិកភណ្ឌពិភពលោក ក្នុងឆ្នាំ២០០៨ ។ ជម្លោះព្រំដែន រវាងកម្ពុជា និងថៃ បណ្តាលឲ្យមានការស្លាប់ និងការខូចខាតជាច្រើនដល់ប្រាសាទ នា ពេលថ្មីៗនេះ ។
          លោកស្រីបាននិយាយថា «ខ្ញុំមានបំណងបញ្ជូនបេសកជនទៅកាន់តំបន់នោះឲ្យ បានឆាប់តាមដែលអាចធ្វើទៅបាន ដើម្បីវាយតម្លៃពីស្ថានភាពរបស់ប្រាសាទ» ។ «បេតិក ភណ្ឌពិភពលោក គឺជាបេតិកភណ្ឌរបស់មនុស្សជាតិទាំងអស់ ហើយសហគមន៍អន្តរជាតិ មានកាតព្វកិច្ចពិសេសក្នុងការការពារបេតិកភណ្ឌទាំងអស់នេះ ។ ការការពារនេះ ទាមទារ ឲ្យមានកិច្ចខិតខំប្រឹងប្រែងទាំងអស់គ្នា ដែលត្រូវធ្វើឡើងក្នុងស្មារតីពិគ្រោះយោបល់ និង សន្ទនាគ្នា ។ បេតិកភណ្ឌគូរតែរួបរួមមនុស្សជាតិ​ ហើយបំរើជាឧបករណ៍នៃកិច្ចសន្ទនា និង ការយោគយល់ទៅវិញទៅមក ដែលមិនមែនសម្រាប់ជម្លោះនោះទេ» ។
          ប្រាសាទព្រះវិហារ ដែលឧទ្ទិសដល់សាសនាព្រហ្មញ្ញនេះ មានបណ្តុំកន្លែងសក្ការៈ នានាដែលត្រូវបានតភ្ជាប់ដោយប្រព័ន្ធផ្លូវដើរ និងជណ្តើរ ដែលមានអ័ក្សប្រវែងជាង ៨០០ ម៉ែត្រ ។ ប្រាសាទនេះ បានកសាងក្នុងពាក់កណ្តាលដំបូងនៃសតវត្សទី១១ ។ ប្រាសាទនេះ មានលក្ខណៈពិសេសដោយសារតែចម្លាក់ថ្ម និងស្ថាបត្យកម្ម ដែលលក្ខណៈស៊ីគ្នាទៅនឹង បរិស្ថានធម្មជាតិ និងមុខងារសាសនា ។


Commentary: Thailand’s Ultimate Aim – To Steal Cambodia and the World’s Cultural Heritage!

Bangkok keeps claiming to own the thin slivers of border land near the stone rubble of an 11th-century Hindu temple built by Cambodians when their Khmer kingdom stretched across much of present-day Thailand.
But the crux of the matter is that Cambodia is using the map officially recognized by the ICJ used in its ruling in 1962 while Thailand uses a map fabricated by herself to suit her own agenda, whatever that is.
The cross-border fighting damaged the Preah Vihear temple, which was part of an ancient network of scattered Hindu shrines when Cambodia‘s nearby Angkor Watt complex served as a center of political and spiritual power more than 900 years ago.
Preah Vihear also occupies a strategic military position because it is on a high cliff overlooking northern Cambodia‘s flatlands 1,722 feet below.
If Thai forces can dominate Preah Vihear or its surrounding territory on Thailand‘s eastern border, they would have a high-ground position against Cambodia, making both sides wary of each other’s military forces close to the Dangrek Mountains’ cliff side zone.
“Thailand is gravely concerned about the use the temple of [Preah Vihear] by Cambodia for military purposes,” Thai Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva wrote to the U.N. Security Council on Monday.
So, what does Thailand and Abihisit expect? The Cambodian soldiers to turn and walk away to open the path for the invading Thai army to occupy the temple, thus soiling Cambodian sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence?
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization has designated the Temple as a World Heritage Site. Both countries want to profit from the growing number of tourists visiting the ruins and stopping at restaurants, shops, hotels and other facilities during their travels.
Thailand had to a very large extent, profited from this when the Khmer Rouge were in control of the Temple, having good roads to enable Thais to visit the temple and at the same time use it as a supply route to the Khmer Rouge.
Now the tables have turned. It is in Cambodia’s control. Rightly so as the ICJ has rightly ruled it belongs to Cambodia. 
Why is Thailand afraid to go for third party mediation? What has it got to lose? What has it got to hide? Thailand and Cambodia are in conflict and thus it seems normal, for the 2 warring parties to seek outside to help solve the problem.
 In fact, Cambodia’s Premier  Hun Sen, has for years now, been trying to get the UN involved to help solve the problem. In this latest clashes, again PM Hun Sen asked the UN to mediate, for the UN Security Council to send in peace keeping forces, for ASEAN to get involved and help mediate a solution-and even the EU to send in peace keeping troops.
The Thais have always refused - opting for the problem to be solved between Thailand and Cambodia.
The question to ask is why?
The most logical answer is that Thailand is a much larger country than Cambodia, geographically economically, militarily, and of course a much bigger population.
By bringing in such body as the UN or ASEAN-that takes away Thailand’s advantage - and place the mediation and negotiation in the hands of a body like the UN or ASEAN - which stands for equitable and on the same level solution seeking.
Make no mistake also, Thailand is being ruled by the royalist, elite and military rulers - with the slogan “The Good can do no wrong” and that means the royalist, elite and military can do no wrong while everyone else below is nothing much but second-class citizens and inferior people.
And here is where Cambodia could also suffer from. The above may answer why the Thai have rejected international mediation, but the fact is that there is another question and that is “what are they hiding?”
Take today’s revelations in the Thai press and also on most Thai TV stations - quoting a source from the Thai security apparatus-that says PM Hun Sen’s son is in command of the conflict with Thailand and wants to “Show-Off” his power by staging the aggressive moves on Thailand to his father, Hun Sen to see and appreciate.
Not a single Thai press dares to ask just a simple question, and that is, if the Thai security apparatus is right - why would PM Hun Sen, be asking for UN and EU peace keeping forces on its border with Thailand?
The answer is that it is the royalist, elite and military rulers of Thailand that are the “Aggressor” against Cambodia.
The lie, by the royalist, elite and military rulers of Thailand is that the Cambodians are the aggressor.
It is not only the Thais themselves who are living in a society where the class system reign, but in fact, the royalist, elite and military rulers see the Cambodians as nothing much but slave labor to Thailand.
The fact is, as most who are informed about Thailand knows already - there is no “Equality or Justice” in Thailand. The fact is the Thai Government has and is being held hostage by vested ultra nationalists like the PAD And that is the root of the problem between Thailand and Cambodia -meaning- the royalist, elite and military do not know how to offer justice and equality to the Cambodians.
Thailand has also upped the ante yet again by using cluster ammunitions, something which has been banned in the civilized world, fabricated news that scores of Cambodians were killed when they themselves have suffered a huge losses and heavy casualities.
Why did Thailand also resort to unconventional artillery? Is it because it could not defend its lower ground from the well placed artillery and rockets of the Cambodians?
Why would not Thailand agree to a 3rd party mediation and United Nations Military Observers to provide security for UNESCO officials to inspect  and assess the damages that Thai artillery had inflicted on the temple?
Why would Thailand want to hold UNESCO and the WHC Hostage by threatening to withdraw from this world body? All of these questions are perplexing and Thailand must provide educated  responses to convince the world that it has nothing to hide!
Would Thailand agree to go back to the ICJ for a ruling on the “so called” disputed  area? Is Thailand afraid of ending up  in the losing end again? After all, it has no cultural heritage. It was adapted  after being   stolen from the Khmer empire.
Would Thailand accept the ICJ’s ruling again if it ever agreed to a joint hearing, or listen to the international community? If indeed Cambodia is the aggressor, as to what  Thailand claims, it would be the biggest joke of the ASEAN region. 
This is simply because the whole world knows that Cambodian soldiers have heart and not the kind of military hardware which Thailand possesses.
The Thai approval at this tense moment in the relation between Thailand and Cambodia of a US$2 billion new mechanize division in the Isan region that borders Cambodia - sends one signal only and that Thailand is determined to take an aggressive posture against Cambodia.
Thailand is currently in a grip of an internal crisis and many have speculated that this bout of Nationalism hype in Thailand with several former Thai military generals also calling for war with Cambodia - is nothing much more than a ploy to build up Nationalism as a way to kill-off a population increasingly keen on democracy, justice and liberty.
Cambodia economy meanwhile is booming - where the population is small, but the natural resources are significant, with venture capital now even heading into Cambodia. Vietnam is supplementing much of the Thai-Cambodian trade and with Laos - have joined in a sub-ASEAN triangle development.
Why doesn’t Thailand join Cambodia in inviting the international community to mediate and resolve once and for all, the decades old dispute which should not been in a dispute in the first place?
Is it afraid of losing face, losing credibility and be shown to be the big bully of a smaller neighbor?
This piece has a lot of whys, simply because these are pertinent questions to be asked and the solutions proposed by Cambodia is clear and evident. Only the Thais’ foolish bravado and brinkmanship is blinding them of this reality!
(by Tim Nahomeet, Cambodian Political Analyst)

COMMENTARY ; Atiya Achakulwisut is Deputy Editor, Bangkok Post has revealed that Thailand do not deserve to be member of the World Heritage Committee

By Waddhana P
Senior Analyst and Researcher on
Cambodian-Thai Relations
Institute for International Affairs, Cambodia
9 February 2011

How can you be concerned, Atiya Achakulwisut? You cannot. Just leave The Temple of Preah Vihear to the Cambodian people and UNESCO or the World Hritage Committee. It is very easy to understand. The Temple of Preah Vihear is not situated in Thailand. It is not the property of Thailand; it is not your property as you are just a Thai. You can never have a feeling over something that is not your legitimate property.  Yet, your sarcasm does not prove that you are knowledgeable about the Temple of Preah Vihear, UNESCO or the World Heritage Committee at all.
Atiya Achakulwisut, you have assumed that you are too smart, smarter than everyone in the whole wide world when you said:
1-      Between Cambodia and Thailand there is “decades-long territorial feud.” It sounds very intellectual, but full of lies because you allow something very important to slip away from your unsound and unclear mind. This is typical of a mind that is deranged. Had you remembered the 13 February 1904 Franco-Siamese Treaty, the Mixed Commission set up under the Treaty, the delimitation works of the Mixed Commissions, and the Dangrek map among the set of eleven maps produced under this Treaty, you would not have spoken about “decades-long territorial feud,” because between Cambodia and Thailand, there exists a fixed, stable, internationally recognized frontier line delimited by the Mixed Commissions set up under the 1904 Treaty. The “decades-long territorial feud” is the invention and the scheme of Thailand to exercise ownership of Cambodian track of lands in the border area when opportunity strikes;
2-      “It's true that Thailand has consistently protested Cambodia's unilateral listing of the temple whose entrance is on the Thai side but the Unesco or World Heritage Committee could not have thought of the gesture as something serious,” as to shows off your arrogance which is common for Thai ultra-nationalists. You are totally confused, or trying to confuse the international public regarding The Temple of Preah Vihear. You had to pick up a copy of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) Judgments of 15 June 1962, Case: The Temple of Preah Vihear and read it leisurely. Unless you are completely blind and turns completely dumb you should know that the Temple of Preah Vihear is a Cambodian property and as such the word “unilateral listing” is irrelevant and speculative. If, and there is nothing true about this, “the entrance is on the Thai side” Cambodian will never object Thailand for listing “the entrance” to the World Heritage List. You must have learnt some history before becoming Deputy Editor of the Bangkok Post, and you must have known that when building The Temple of Preah Vihear, Cambodia was an empire and almost all Thailand was Cambodian territory. Actually UNESCO or the World Heritage Committee has done a commendable job in conformity with provisions of the 1972 Convention. On the other hand, the loss of lives for which you are weeping over is caused by Thailand, and by Thailand only. Had Thailand behaved as a civilized nation, by respecting international agreements, and international rule of law, none of those deaths and destruction would have had occurred;
3-      “What more what would the world body need to manage?” which is stupid and ignorant as it sounds. Many unpleasant things can be said about you, and the following is the most relevant among all other: You and many other Thai ultra-nationalists behave no difference than outlaws and anarchists who look at established international institutions or organizations, such as ASEAN, UNESCO, the United Nations Security Council, the ICJ, etc… with disdain, but in fear. A case in point: To avoid future recurrence of fighting and the loss of lives, Samdech Akka Moha Sena Padei Techo Hun Sen, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia has called for the third party (ASEAN, UNSC, ICJ) to mediate or decide once and for all the so-called “decades-long territorial dispute” between Cambodia and Thailand, but Abhisit Vejjajiva rejected a third party involvement. Two things can be said about Thai’s rejection, (i) you and other Thai ultra-nationalists are truly “outlaws and anarchists” and you are afraid to get caught by established international institutions or organizations, and (ii) you and other Thai ultra-nationalists intended to perpetuate the so-called “decades-long territorial dispute,” and use it as a scapegoat to take Cambodia hostage of Thai internal political squabbles. The most direct answer to your question is that Cambodia by her humility and modesty would ask the world body for advise in order to comply with the rules and requirements prescribed by the Convention for the management of a special world heritage. 
4-      “For the sake of the heritage issue it (UNESCO) specialises in, why not leave the ruin in ruins? Leave the marks of destruction and traces of fighting, if there are any, the way they are so that the international agency can tell the world and the people who will surely throng to visit the place once it can be opened to the outside world what a precious heritage it is, that people from the two adjacent countries had to drag their heavy weapons and fight head over heels on how it would be managed.”  Atiya Achakulwisut, your sarcasm expresses your frustration that your Thai troops did not achieve their twin-goal of (i) wiping out the Keo Sikha Kiri Svara pagoda and (ii) invading and occupying a piece of territory inside Cambodia so as to claim a de facto occupation. You have also revealed to the astonishment of the whole world, especially to the other 20 members of the World Heritage Committee including Cambodia that Thai troops by the order of the Abhisit Government have a clear mission that is to stop the conservation and development of a precious world heritage. On the other hand, Cambodian troops fought to defend Cambodia’s sovereignty and safeguard territorial integrity.
 Atiya Achakulwisut in presenting the voice of Thai ultra-nationalists has revealed that Thailand do not deserve to be a member of the World Heritage Committee.

តើពេលណាទៅប្រាសាទព្រះវិហារខ្មែរត្រូវទទួលបាននូវកិច្ចការពារ និងការអភិរក្ស

ដោយ ឡុង សុគុណ
ថ្ងៃទី ០៦ ខែ មករា ឆ្នាំ ២០១១

វាជាការគួរឱ្យរន្ធត់ចិត្ដណាស់      នៅពេលដែលប្រាសាទព្រះវិហារខ្មែរត្រូវបានទទួល រងការបាញ់បំផ្លាញពី សំណាក់កងទ័ពសៀមយ៉ាងដំណំក្នុងរយៈពេលបីថ្ងៃជាប់គ្នាពីថ្ងៃទី ០៤ ថ្ងៃទី ០៥ និងថ្ងៃ ០៦ ខែ កុម្ភ ឆ្នាំ ២០១១។ គួររំលឹកថា មួយឆ្នាំបន្ទាប់ពីប្រាសាទព្រះវិហារខ្មែរ ត្រូវបានចុះក្នុងបញ្ជីបេតិកភណ្ឌពិភពលោកនៃអង្គការយូណេស្កូ នាទីក្រុងកេបិចប្រទេស កាណាដា គឺនៅថ្ងៃទី ០៣ ខែ មេសា ឆ្នាំ ២០០៩ កងទ័ពសៀមបានបាញ់បំផ្លាញប្រាសាទ ព្រះវិហារ ដែលបានបណ្ដាលឱ្យខូចខាតដល់ក្បាលនាគ និងភូមិផ្សារខ្មែរនៅក្បែរប្រាសាទត្រូវ ឆេះខ្ជេច ដោយគ្រាប់ រ៉ុកកែតរបស់កងទ័ពសៀម។ ហើយនៅមុនរឿងក្ដីប្រាសាទព្រះវិហារ ត្រូវបានប្ដឹងទៅតុលាការយុត្ដិធម៌អន្ដរជាតិ ក្រុងឡាអេឆ្នាំ ១៩៥៩ សៀមបានលួចរឹបអូស យកវត្ថុទាំងឡាយចេញពីប្រាសាទ។ នៅក្នុងឆ្នាំ ១៩៦២  តុលាការ យុត្ដិធម៌អន្ដរជាតិក្រុង ឡាអេបានចេញសាលដីកាសម្រេចដោយសម្លេង ៧ ទល់នឹង ៥ ថាថៃមានការតព្វកិច្ច     ប្រគល់មកឱ្យកម្ពុជាវិញនូវត្ថុទាំងឡាយតាមប្រភេទទាំងឡាយបានបញ្ជាក់នៅក្នុងសេចក្ដីស្នើសុំឱ្យវិនិច្ឆ័យទី៥ របស់ កម្ពុជាដែលត្រូវបានយកចេញពីប្រាសាទ ឬ តំបន់ប្រាសាទដោយ អាជ្ញាធរពាក់ព័ន្ធរបស់ថៃ ចាប់តាំងពីកាល បរិច្ឆេទនៃការកាន់កាប់ប្រាសាទព្រះវិហារនេះ ដោយថៃនៅក្នុងឆ្នាំ ១៩៥៤។
            ផ្ទុយទៅវិញសៀមមិនទាន់បានប្រគល់ជូនកម្ពុជាវិញនូវវត្ថុទាំងឡាយនោះផង ថែមទាំង ជំនួសមកវិញ ដោយការបាញ់បំផ្លាញប្រាសាទព្រះវិហារ ដែលបានធ្វើឱ្យខូចខាតដល់ ផ្នែកខ្លះនៃតួរប្រាសាទ និងបរិវេណប្រាសាទ ព្រះវិហារជាច្រើនកន្លែង ដែលត្រូវដាក់ស្ថិត នៅក្រោមកិច្ចរការពារ ការអភិរក្ស និងអភិវឌ្ឈប្រកដដោយចីរភាព ស្របទៅតាមអនុសញ្ញាឆ្នាំ ១៩៧២ និងអនុសញ្ញាឆ្នាំ ១៩៥៤ ដែលទាក់ទងទៅនឹងកិច្ចការពារសម្បត្ដិវប្បធម៌ក្នុង ពេលមាន ជម្លោះប្រដាប់អាវុធ។ ការបាញ់បំផ្លាញប្រាសាទព្រះវិហាររបស់កងទ័ពថៃដោយប្រើប្រាស់ កាំភ្លើងផ្លោង ធន់ធ្ងន់ ១៥៥. ១៣០. ១០៥. ១២០ នឹងកាំភ្លើងត្បាល់៧៥ និង៨៥មីលិម៉ែត្រ ព្រមទាំងកាំភ្លើងយន្ដ ១២.៧ គឺជា ចេតនាដ៏អាក្រក់តាមផែនការគឹតទុកជាមុនរបស់កងទ័ព សៀម ដែលជាអំពើរំលោភទាំងស្រុងទៅនឹងអនុសញ្ញាឆ្នាំ ១៩៥៤។
សម្រាប់ប្រទេសហត្ថលេខីនៃអនុសញ្ញា ១៩៥៤ មិនគឹតថា អ្នកណាបាញ់មុន អ្នកណា បាញ់ក្រោយនោះ ឡើយ។ ប៉ុន្ដែអ្វីដែលធ្វើឱ្យប្រទេសហត្ថលេខីលើអនុសញ្ញានោះត្រូវយក ចិត្ដទុកដាក់បំផុតនោះ គឺ កិច្ចការពារ ការអភិរក្ស និងអភិវឌ្ឈសម្បត្ដិបេតិកភណ្ឌជាតិនិមួយៗ ទុកជាសម្បត្ដិបេតិកភណ្ឌមនុស្សជាតិ ពិសេស ត្រូវរក្សាទុក នូវស្ថាបត្យកម្ម និងស្នាដៃ ឯករបស់បុព្វបុរសជំនាន់មុនៗ ទុកសម្រាប់មនុស្សជំនាន់ក្រោយ។ ក្នុងន័យនេះ ប្រាសាទ ព្រះវិហារខ្មែរដែលត្រូវបានទទួលឋានៈជាសម្បត្ដិបេតិកភណ្ឌពិភពលោករួចហើយនោះ គឺ ចាំបាច់ត្រូវទទួលបាននូវ កិច្ចការពារ ការអភិរក្ស និងអភិវឌ្ឈប្រកបដោយចីរភាព ដោយ អនុលោមទៅតាមសេចក្ដីសម្រេចរបស់គណៈ កម្មាធិការបេតិកភណ្ឌពិភពលោកក្នុងឆ្នាំ ២០០៩ នាទីក្រុងសេវីល ប្រទេសអេស្ប៉ាញ និងសេចក្ដីសម្រេចនៅក្រុង ប្រេហ្សីលលីយ៉ានៃ ប្រទេសប្រេហ្សីលឆ្នាំ ២០១០កន្លងទៅថ្មីៗនេះ។
គ្រាប់កាំភ្លើងធន់ធ្ងន់របស់កងទ័ពសៀមដែលបានបាញ់ដាក់ប្រាសាទព្រះវិហារគឺជាចេតនាគិត ទុកជាមុនរបស់កងទ័ពសៀម ព្រោះប្រាសាទព្រះវិហារគឺជាសម្បត្ដិបេតិកភណ្ឌ ពិភពលោក មិនមែនជាទីតាំងយោធាដែលកងទ័ព សៀមត្រូវបាញ់បំផ្លាញឡើយ។  អាប់ភីស៊ីត មិនបានគោរពទៅតាមអនុសញ្ញាឆ្នាំ ១៩៥៤ ដែលទាក់ទងទៅនឹង កិច្ចការពារសម្បត្ដិ បេតិកភណ្ឌពិភពលោក ដូច្នេះហើយអាប់ភីស៊ីតគ្មានការទទួលខុសត្រូវឡើយក្នុងឋានៈថៃជា ប្រទេសហត្ថលេខីលើអនុសញ្ញានោះ។ បើដូច្នោះ តើថៃនៅតែជាប្រទេសស៊ីវីល័យដែរឬទេ ក្នុងទំនាក់ទំនង អន្ដរជាតិរបស់ខ្លួនជាមួយបណ្ដាប្រទេសដទៃទៀតក្នុងពិភពលោក? វាជា មហិច្ឆតាដោយគ្មានការអៀនខ្មាស់របស់ សៀមក្នុងការបន្ដចឹញ្ចឹមចិត្ដចង់បានប្រាសាទ ព្រះវិហារខ្មែរ ដោយរំលោភទាំងស្រុងទៅនឹងសាលដីកាតុលា ការយុត្ដិធម៌អន្ដរជាតិក្រុងឡាអេ ឆ្នាំ ១៩៦២។ ប្រាសាទព្រះវិហារជាសម្បត្ដិបេតិកភណ្ឌពិភពលោក ដែលទាម ទារឱ្យមានការ ចូលរួមរបស់អង្កការយូណេស្កូក្នុងកិច្ចកាពារ និងការអភិរក្ស។
ក្នុងកាលៈទេសៈនេះ គឺការបែកបាក់ផ្នែកខ្លះនៃប្រាសាទដែលទទួលរងដោយសារបាញ់ ដោយកាំភ្លើងធន់ ធ្ងន់គ្រប់ប្រភេទរបស់កងទ័ពរយៈពេលបីថ្ងៃជាប់គ្នា ចាំបាច់ណាស់ត្រូវស្នើឱ្យ មានការវាយតំលៃរបស់ក្រុមជំនាញ របស់អង្គការយូណេស្កូ ក៏ប៉ុន្ដែការចាំបាច់មួយ គឺអ្នក សង្គេតការណ៍យោធារបស់អង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិមិនអាចខ្វះ បានឡើយ។ ពិសេស គណ កម្មការអចិន្ដ្រៃយ៍ដែលមានសមាជិក ២១ ប្រទេសក៏ត្រូវកោះប្រជុំដើម្បីពិនិត្យមើលថា តើមូលហេតុអ្វីបានអាប់ភីស៊ីតបញ្ជាឱ្យកងទ័ពថៃបាញ់បំផ្លាញប្រាសាទព្រះវិហារ ដែលជា សម្បត្ដិបេតិកភណ្ឌពិភព លោក។
ដូច្នេះនេះ មិនមែនគ្រាន់តែជាអំពើឈ្លាពានទឹកដីកម្ពុជាប៉ុណ្ណោះទេ តែវាជាអំពើបាញ់ បំផ្លាញសម្បត្ដិ មនុស្សជាតិ និងដួងព្រលឹងវប្បធម៌ ដែលត្រូវស្ថិតនៅក្រោម កិច្ចការពារ សម្បត្ដិវប្បធម៌ ដែលធានាដោយអនុ សញ្ញាឆ្នាំ ១៩៥៤ ដែលប្រទេសជាហត្ថលេខី ត្រូវតែចូល រួមកិច្ចការពារនូវសម្បត្ដិមនុស្សជាតិ ដែលជាស្ថាបត្យកម្ម និងស្នាដៃឯករបស់ បុព្វបុរសខ្មែរ ជំនាន់មុន។ កិច្ចការពារ និងការអភិរក្សជាបន្ទាន់នេះ ក្នុងកាលៈទេសៈ ជម្លោះដោយ ប្រដាប់ អាវុធនេះ ចាំបាច់ត្រូវទាមទារឱ្យមានអ្នកសង្គេតការណ៍អង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិពិនិត្យមើល និងស្វែងរក ការពិត ពិសេសក្រុមអ្នកវាយតំលៃរបស់អង្គការយូណេស្កូ ចាំបាច់ដើម្បីចុះមកវាយ តំលៃជាចាំបាច់លើការបែកបាក់ ការខូចខាតទាំងឡាយ ដែលបណ្ដាលមកពីការ បាញ់បំផ្លាញ របស់កងទ័ពសៀម។